Family History Month at my local Library

Family History MonthAugust is Family History month at my local library. After giving a presentation to my local genealogy group, a couple of the ladies there volunteered me to repeat the presentation during the Family History month event at the library. Today was the day that I gave the presentation.

I extended it a little from the first run, making it into three distinct sections.

Tauranga Library Speakers SeriesIt was a pleasantly informal event, with the projector and screen set up in the middle of the library in an area that is usually a small conversation area with some comfortable chairs (see photo below). There were a few questions at the end, and everyone seemed genuinely interested. One lady brought me a present of a Shetland dialect story book, “Da Peesterleeties an da Curse o da Njuggle” by Valerie Watt which was a lovely gesture.

Tauranga Library Presentation Area

A photo from another event showing where I was presenting in among the books
Photo courtesy of ARTbop

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Scotlands People Centre

Register House, Edinburgh

Register House in Edinburgh

Whenever I’m in Edinburgh, I make sure I have time to visit the Scotlands People Centre in New Register House on Princes Street in Edinburgh. It’s a location where you can view, on computer, scans of all the records useful for family historians; the Statutory Records, Old Parish Records, Census Returns and many others.

Inside the building itself is very library like, it is lined with books (the old registers themselves) and everyone there works away quietly. However, the architecture of the building gives another sensation, perhaps one of a place of worship, and certainly it is where Scottish Genealogists come to worship the records of old. It is also a respectful silence, where people are looking for long dead ancestors.

These various links have more photos of the inside of the centre.

ScotlandsPeople Centre

Book lined search room at the ScotlandsPeople Centre in Edinburgh.
Photo source: Telegraph article

The combination of all these things on your senses; the sight of the old books; the quietness of the sounds around you; and the library smell (old books do have such a wonderful smell) do provide a motivational ambiance which encourages you in your search for ancestors (although the £15 per seat per day may also have a motivational effect!).

I do love visiting the place for my ‘old records fix’.


This post was prompted by the WordPress Discover Challange: Blogging the senses

Presentation at Genealogy Group

I joined a local genealogy group, and today I gave a small presentation about James Moar, the man who turned to knitting when he do no other task to support himself. I’ve written about him in a number of blog posts before.

I created the presentation from the material I had in the above blog posts, using some of the photographs as illustrations as I talked. I also used old maps to show where they lived, and showed the various census records and birth and death records that I had discovered when researching James’ life. I also talked about getting his Death record updated so that he was finally recorded correctly, which seemed to be met with great approval.

Aberdeen Show Newspaper Cutting

Aberdeen Show Newspaper Cutting, from Dundee Courier, Wednesday, July 25th 1894

I had one new piece of information in the presentation that is not in any of the previous blog posts. As you’ll know if you’ve read the others, James turned to knitting when he was invalided, and while he had a slow start, he did clearly get better. In the 1901 and 1911 census he is listed as a Shetland Lace Knitter, which shows a certain skill as that is a complex and delicate knitting style. Well he, must have been quite good because he won first prize in the Aberdeen Highland show (held on Tuesday, July 24th 1894) for a Fine White Shetland Shawl, beating another lady from the same village, Uyeasound, into second place.

I brought along my copy of the Unst Heritage Lace book for the group members to look at as well, since James is also mentioned in there.

I think the presentation was well received, and I hope to maybe do another subject at a future meeting.

Look around for clues

It’s certainly true that you can’t always use ancestral records in isolation. Sometimes there is simply not enough information in them to be able to use them alone. However, the supporting information can sometimes be closer to hand than you realise.

I am gradually working my way through the Statutory Death records from Unst and trying to process one for a man called John Henderson. The record is quite early in the Statutory Records processing, 1857 – only a couple of years after they started in 1855, and they record whether a person was married, but not who to. I have a number of John Henderson’s but which one is it. How can I be sure? After trying a variety of different ways of looking at it (looking for siblings with the same parents; trying to track down the Brother-in-law who was the informant on the record) but I get the feeling I’m not going to be able to place this one.

I sit back and stare absently at my screen.

No. Surname and Name.
Rank or Profession, & Condition,
(whether Married or Single,
Widower or Widow.)
When and Where Died,
with Hour of Death.
Parents’ Names,
and
Rank, Profession, or Occupation.
Cause of Death, and how long
Disease continued. – Medical
Attendant by whom certified,and
when he last saw deceased.
Signature, Qualification, and Resi-
dence of Informant, If out of the
House in which the Death
occurred.
16 Henderson
John
Fisherman

(Married)

1857
June
Eleventh
7.30 am

Some miles
off Skaw

Andw Henderson
Fisherman
(deceased)

Margt Henderson
maiden name
Gray (deceased)

Drowned at Sea
in a gale of wind
John Priest
Brother in law
of Deceased
17 Henderson
Laurence
Fisherman

(Single)

1857
June
Eleventh
7.30 am

Some miles
off Skaw

John Henderson
Fisherman
(deceased)

Mary Henderson
maiden name
Spence

Drowned at Sea
in a gale of wind
John Priest
Uncle of Deceased

Skaw Map

Map showing Skaw in the north of Unst. Click on the map to go to the zoom-able version on the NLS website

It’s then I notice that the informant for all three death records on this page is the same name. It’s clearly a boating accident as all three are recorded as “Drowned at Sea in a gale of wind” at the same date and time, and “Some miles off Skaw”. Three people registered with the same cause of death on the same day, and the informant has the same name surely means that the informant is the same man.

This man, John Priest, is a Brother-in-law to the first man, Uncle to the second man, and neighbour to the third. The second man is recorded with a father’s name the same as the name of the first man. Given the relationship of John Priest to each of them, this means that the first man is the father to the second man. Father and son working in the same fishing boat is certainly a common occurrence.

This also means that the mother recorded on the second man’s death record is the missing spouse on the first man’s death record. Now I can place them both.

Knowing the spouse is Mary Spence, I am also then able to place John Priest, as there is a John Priest married to Catherine Spence (who lives in Norwick in 1851 which is not far from Skaw) which tells me something about the Spence girls – that they are sisters – that I didn’t previously know. Finding both their death records also confirms they have the same parents.

So, when all looks lost, sit back and look around you!

Conveying Accuracy

I’ve mentioned a few times that I plan to get my Genealogical research onto a website eventually. One of the things I’ve been considering for the design of my website is how to convey the accuracy of the information; after all, genealogical research is fraught with accuracy issues.

This is described well in 5 Ways To Tell If Your Genealogy Research Is Accurate.

I think there are several types of accuracy I’ll wish to convey about the records I’ll have used. Here are my thoughts on them.

Transcription Accuracy

I use a range of records, from those I have seen photographs of the original document and made my own transcriptions (5 star) through to facts I’ve been told by other people without any documentary evidence to back it up (1 star). I can imagine a rating scale something like this.

Star rating Meaning
☆☆☆☆☆ I have seen the document, or a photograph of the document that the transcription was made from.
☆☆☆☆ Full transcription provided by someone else without a photograph, e.g. Ancestry website Scottish census records.
☆☆☆ Partial transcription provided by someone else without a photograph, e.g. Ancestry website Scottish Old Parish records.
☆☆ Fact provided from someone else with a note of the record where they found it, but without any transcription.
Fact provided from someone else without any documentary evidence to back it up.

Recording accuracy

There are various ways to look at the accuracy of the recording; the distance in time since the event, e.g. age on a death record; the likelihood of the informant knowing the information, e.g. a neighbour instead of a relative; the kind of record, e.g. a statutory record versus something less formal or rigorous. I can imagine a rating scale something like this.

Star rating Examples
☆☆☆☆☆ Birth/Marriage/Death date from Statutory record of the same.
☆☆☆☆ Age from Statutory Marriage Record.
Parents marriage date on Statutory Birth record of child.
☆☆☆ Age from Statutory Death Record if recorded by a relative.
Age from Census Record.
☆☆ Age from Statutory Death Record if recorded by a neighbour.
Any other record/fact not listed above.

5 stars

Overall accuracy of a Fact

There therefore needs to be a formula that conveys the likely accuracy of any one fact recorded for a person, for example if the birthdate comes from a Statutory Birth Record that I have seen the image of, that would be 5-stars on both of the above scales, and therefore the best possible score, however if it doesn’t match all the other records for the same fact, like all the ages on census returns, then that should reduce the score. I suspect I’m going to have some fun trying to come up with said formula!

Overall rating for a person

Having given each fact a score, the average of all the scores could be used to convey an overall rating for each person.

I suspect these ideas will solidify over time and, especially, when I try to put them into practice when I get to the point of creating my website. I will no doubt find other examples that need rated, and complications to any formula that I come up with. Should be fun though!

Tracking down Catherine Thomson

In my approach to building a family tree I’m coming at things from a slightly different angle. Instead of following people back and locating their records, I’m starting with the records, and trying to figure out which people they apply to. I can do this because I’m trying to find ALL the people in Unst, not just a percentage of them that are related to me.

Today, I have been struggling with one particular woman whose death record I am trying to process. She died in 1856 so squarely between the extremely verbose 1855 death record format and the 1861 changes that put some removed data back in (see Early Scottish Statutory Death Records for more information). So, she is recorded as being widowed, but her husband’s name is not recorded, and since we are in the time where patronymics are still sometimes used, it is uncertain whether we have her married name or not. Here’s what we know:-

Woman SymbolCatherine Thomson
d. 18 Dec 1856 at age 70, in Norwick (Widow)
=> b. about 1786
Father: John Thomson
Mother: Margaret Johnson

 
Of all the possible women named Catherine, of approximately the correct age, living in Unst in the 1851 census, we have one strong possibility.

1851 Census

Name of Street, Place, or
Road, and Name or
No. of House
Name and Surname of each Person
who abode in the house
on the Night of 30th March, 1851.
Relation
to
Head of Family
Age of Rank, Profession,
or
Occupation
Males Females
Norwick James Thomson Head 26 Fisherman Crofter
Barbara do Wife 28
Ursella do Daughter 3
Mary do Daughter 1
Robert Smith Father-in-law 70 Fisherman
Cath Farker Aunt 69 Pauper F’s Wids

She lives in Norwick, she is widowed, and it would be a fair guess that she is recorded with her married name here, but that her maiden name is Thomson given her relationship to the Thomson’s in the same house. We need to track down a marriage between a Catherine and a Mr Farker. I find a marriage record for 30 Dec 1824 between Magnus Farquhar and Catherine Thomson. So she was a Thomson before she was married.

Norwick beach

Norwick Beach.
Photo Source: Shetland Museum

Now to check the rest of the information also matches up. We know the parents of the woman in the death record are John Thomson and Margaret Johnson. The woman in the 1851 census is recorded as being an Aunt of James, likely a sister of James’ father. From other research we know James’ father is Nicol Thomson. If we can find Nicol’s death record, we will see his parents. Nicol died on 25 Sep 1864, in Norwick, and his parents are listed as Walter Thomson and Margaret Laurenson. So Nicol and the woman in the death record are not siblings.

So, where does that leave me? Either:-

  • There are two woman called Catherine Thomson, of approximately the same age, widowed, and living in Norwick, but only one shows up on the 1851 census. EDIT: From Pat’s comment, this may be the answer, need to go back to any of the other possibilities in the 1851 census and follow them through. She has to be hiding somewhere!
  • Catherine is not the Aunt of James.
  • Her death record does not record the correct parents – the information was provided by her nephew, but his signature is so scrawly it makes it very hard to decipher. The majority of the time, the informant (who signs in his own hand) and the undertaker (whose name is written by the registrar) are the same people. The undertaker on this death record is Anthony Thomson. If Catherine was the sister of Nicol, she would have a nephew Anthony.
  • Nicol’s death record does not record his parents correctly.

It leaves me with a 50% likelihood that these two Catherine’s are the same person, enough to believe the likelihood but not enough to feel I can record it as fact. For the mean time I will have two Catherine Thomson’s in my tree with a comment on each one pointing at the other saying that they are likely the same person.

Good News for people searching for relatives in England

Looks like the General Register Office (GRO) can take steps to allow access to birth, marriage and death information in England without the need to order expensive certificates, after a change in the law.

Read more in GRO information on Births, Marriages and Death doesn’t have to be on expensive certificates on the Society of Genealogists Blog